California Segregation Laws

1869-70: Sections 1669, 1670, 1671 of the California Political Code, establishing separate schools for African American and America Indian children.

Sec. 1669. The education of children of African descent, and Indian children, must be provided for in separate schools; provided, that if the directors or trustees fail to provide such separate schools, then such children must be admitted into the schools for white children.

Sec. 1670. Upon the written application of the parents or guardians of such children to any board of trustees or board of education, a separate school must be established for the education of such children.

Sec. 1671. The same laws, rules, and regulations which apply to schools for white children apply to schools for colored children." (Deering's Pol. Code, note at foot of page 290.)

1880: Sections 1669, 1670, 1671 of the California Political Code Repealed, act entitled “Act to amend an Act to provide for a system of common schools.”

1880: Amendment to Political Code section 1662, establishing who may be admitted to public schools.

Section 1662 of the Political Code was by the same act amended so as to omit the word "white" before the word "children" as it had stood before, and as amended it read:

Every school, unless otherwise provided by law, must be open for the admission of all children between six and twenty-one years of age residing in the district; and the Board of Trustees, or City Board of Education, have power to admit adults and children not residing in the district, whenever good reasons exist therefor. Trustees shall have the power to exclude children of filthy or vicious habits, or children suffering from contagious or infectious diseases. 

1885: Amendment to Political Code section 1662, establishing separate schools for children of Mongolian and Chinese descent.

Every school, unless otherwise provided by law, must be open for the admission of all children between six and twenty-one years of age residing in the district; and the Board of Trustees, or City Board of Education, have power to admit adults and children not residing in the district, whenever good reasons exist therefor. Trustees shall have the power to exclude children of filthy or vicious habits, or children suffering from contagious or infectious diseases, and also to establish separate schools for children of Mongolian or Chinese descent. When such separate schools are setablished, Chinese or Mongolian children must not be admitted into any other schools.

1893: Amendment to Political Code section 1662, adding Indian children to the list of children for whom separate schools may be established.

Every school, unless otherwise provided by law, must be open for the admission of all children between six and twenty-one years of age residing in the district; and the Board of Trustees, or City Board of Education, have power to admit adults and children not residing in the district, whenever good reasons exist therefor. Trustees shall have the power to exclude children of filthy or vicious habits, or children suffering from contagious or infectious diseases, and also to establish separate schools for Indian children and for children of Mongolian or Chinese descent. When such separate schools are established, Indian, Chinese, or Mongolian children must not be admitted into any other school; provided, that in cities and towns in which the kindergarten has been adopted, or may hereafter be adopted, as part of the public primay schools, children may be admitted to such kindergarten classes at the age of four years.

1947: Sections 8003 and 8004 of the California Education Code Repealed (Based on former California Political Code section 1662 )

Section 8003. Schools for Indian children, and children of Chinese, Japanese, or Mongolian parentage: Establishment. [Repealed] The governing board of any school district may establish separate schools for Indian children, excepting children of Indians who are wards of the United States Government and children of all other Indians who are descendants of the original American Indians of the United States, and for children of Chinese, Japanese, or Mongolian parentage.


Section 8004. Same: Admission of children into other schools.[Repealed] When separate schools are established for Indian children or children of Chinese, Japanese, or Mongolian parentage, the Indian children or children of Chinese, Japanese, or Mongolian parentage shall not be admitted into any other school.